ISSN 2379-8203


Biomedicine and Nursing
Volume 9 - Issue 2 (Cumulated No. 33), June 25, 2023. (COVER)

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1. Organizational Cynicism and its effect on Staff Nurses Job Embeddedness and Organizational Citizenship Behaviors
Ebtsam Ahmed Mohamed1, Rasha Mohamed Nagib Ali2
1Lecturer of Nursing Administration, Faculty of Nursing. Minia University, Egypt 2Lecturer of Nursing Administration, Faculty of Nursing. Minia University, Egypt
Corresponding author Rasha Mohamed Nagib Ali

ABSTRACT: Background: Health care organizations cannot succeed without productive nursing staff. Improving the productivity and performance of health care workers in order to enhance efficiency in health interventions, is a major challenge. Objectives: This study determined whether there were an effect of organizational cynicism on job embeddedness and organizational citizenship behaviors among staff nurses. Methods: A descriptive correlation research design was conducted to achieve the aim of the current study. Setting: The study was conducted at Minia General Hospital. Subject: convenience sample of staff nurses who were working at Minia General Hospital (n=331). Fourth tools was used for collecting data for this study, 1st:Personal data questionnaire 2nd: Organizational Cynicism Scale (OCS) ,3rd:Job Embeddedness Scale, and 4th:Organizational Citizenship Behaviors Questionnaire. Result: The findings of the present study revealed that the majority percent of Minia general hospital staff nurses exhibited “high “responses toward organizational cynicism dimensions. On the contrary, the highly percent of the nurses were responses to “low” for total job embeddedness and nurses exhibited “low” responses toward organizational citizenship behavior dimensions. Conclusion: From this study it can be concluded that there were a negative correlation between organizational cynicism and job embeddedness and organizational citizenship behavior. In addition, there were a positive correlation between job embeddedness and organizational citizenship behavior. Recommendation: it is suggested that every manager in organizations need to play a more active and vital role in preventing cynicism, and managers need to be more understanding about the causes of cynicism and how to [Rasha Mohamed Nagib Ali. Organizational Cynicism and its effect on Staff Nurses Job Embeddedness and Organizational Citizenship Behaviors. Biomedicine and Nursing 2023; 9(2):1-14]. ISSN 2379-8211 (print); ISSN 2379-8203 (online). 01. doi:10.7537/marsbnj090123.01.
Keywords: organizational cynicism, job embeddedness, organizational citizenship behavior and staff nurses.

2. Effect of Educational Program on Self management based on Orem’s model among children with bronchial asthma in Buraidah Region, KSA
Samah El Awady Bassam
Associate Professor, Pediatric Nursing, Collage of Nursing, Qassim University, Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia

Abstract: Background: Asthma is chronic diseases in the world. Shortage of asthma information can be caused to asthma exacerbations, emergency room visits, school absences, and reduced quality of life. In addition, the effectiveness of teaching intervention programs on asthma administration for school-aged students and their parents to the further side of inpatient clinic settings give good effectiveness. The target of this research estimate theinfluence of asthma teaching program based on Orem’s self-care model on the advancement of self-care activities of prep and secondary stage students with asthma. Design: a quazi-experimental research was utilized. Sample: a purposive sample carried out on 86 prep and secondary stage students with asthma in the pediatric outpatient clinic in this study. Data collected tools: The tools collect were utilized the demographic properties for students' stage prep and secondary. Results: The results observed that the improvement of the case of asthmatic children after adherence of prep and secondary stage students to medications was considering making greater Conclusion: School and community for asthma educational intervention have as the foundation Orem’s self-nursing is successfully become better the achievement of inhaler utilize. This research points out those self-nursing were influenced between students with asthma subsequent application of the program. Recommendations: could be recommended for attitude Orem’s self-nursing model for prep and secondary stage students with bronchial asthma in addition, it could be recommended to replicate this study in many prep and secondary schools to support its effectiveness.
[Samah El Awady Bassam Effect of Educational Program on Self management based on Orem’s model among children with bronchial asthma in Buraidah Region, KSA. Biomedicine and Nursing 2023; 9(2):15-24]. ISSN 2379-8211 (print); ISSN 2379-8203 (online). 02. doi:10.7537/marsbnj090123.02.
Keywords: Educational program, self-management, Orem’s model, bronchial asthma

3. Early Identification and Treatment of Systemic Vasculitis
Zongxia Gao1, Hongling Sun2, Chunmao Han2, Lili Zhang1, Ping Wang1,3
1Hangzhou Yide Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 310000
2The Second Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 310000 3Corresponding author E-mail: Hangzhou Yide Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 310000

Abstract: Systemic vasculitis is a group of autoimmune diseases that can affect the entire vascular system, including arteries, veins, and capillaries. Due to its wide-ranging effects, the clinical manifestations of systemic vasculitis are diverse or atypical, which can lead to misdiagnosis or delayed diagnosis. Severe cases may result in significant organ damage and even life-threatening conditions. In recent years, systemic vasculitis has gained significant attention. Numerous consensus statements and guidelines on vasculitis have been published both domestically and internationally. However, due to the complexity of its clinical presentation and the difficulty in identifying specific molecules and markers, as well as the limitations in clinical practice, there are still many challenges and difficulties in the diagnosis and treatment of systemic vasculitis. This article aims to explore several important issues in clinical practice.
[Zongxia Gao, Hongling Sun, Chunmao Han, Lili Zhang, Ping Wang.Early Identification and Treatment of Syste mic Vasculitis. Biomedicine and Nursing 2023; 9(2):25-30]. ISSN 2379-8211 (print); ISSN 2379-8203 (online). 03. doi:10.7537/marsbnj090223.03.

Keywords: Autoimmune disease, Systemic vasculitis, Polyarteritis nodosa, Granuloma,Glomerulonephritis,Giant cell arteritis

4. Review On Prevalence, Distrbution And Economic Significance Of Liver Fluke In Ethiopia
Umer Seid1, Mulugeta Melese2
1Oda Bultum University, Collage of Agriculture, Department of Animal Science, Chiro
2Hadiya Zone Anilemo Woreda, Animal and Fishery Resource Department, Animal Health worker process Coordinator
Corresponding Author: Umer Seid, Oda Bultum University, Collage of Agriculture, Chiro, Ethiopia. Tel: +251- 913765578

ABSTRACT: Fasciolosis is one of the most prevalent helminthic infections of ruminants in different parts of the world including Ethiopia. Liver fluke/Fascioliasis is an important trematode infection of cattle and sheep. It is caused by two members of genus Fasciola; Fasciola (F.) gigantica and F. hepatica. Fasciolosis is also known as, fasciolasis, distomatosis and liver rot. It occasionally affects humans, hence considered as a zoonotic disease. Fluke transmission depends on the presence of snail that acts as intermediate host. It has great proliferation powers due to its large colonization capacities in its ruminant host and vector species. Human fascioliasis is commonly characterized by a hypo-endemic pattern, with low and stable levels of prevalence among a defined population and generally shows a focal endemic distribution. Snail vectors and distribution of fascioliasis in Africa (distribution of the F. hepatica and F.gigantica parasites) is ubiquitous, mainly attributed to, and associated with the equally global distribution of the viable, intermediate fresh-water snail hosts. To control liver fluke fencing off wet areas, attending to leaking troughs and pipes, drainage or even consider housing early. Animal fasciolosis causes significant disease among sheep and cattle, causing severe physical wasting. It is widespread ruminant health problems and causes significant economic losses to the livestock industry, which is caused by Trematode of the genus Fasciola that migrate in the hepatic parenchyma, and establish and develop in the bile ducts. Disease of livestock have many additional direct and indirect impacts on human nutrition, community development and socio-cultural and also reduction in farm income, contributing to food insecurity and poor nutrition.
[Seid U, Melese M. Review on prevalence, distribution and economic significance of liver fluke in Ethiopia. Biomedicine and Nursing 2023;9(2):31-42]. ISSN 2379-8211 (print); ISSN 2379-8203 (online). 04. doi:10.7537/marsbnj090223.04.

Key words: Fasciolosis, Ethiopia, Snail vectors, disease

5. Effect of feeding traditional summer and winter rations on the contents of some minerals in milk of cows and buffaloes
Gaafar, H.M.A.1; M.M. El-Nahrawy1 and Sherein H. Mohamed2
1 Animal Production Research Institute (APRI), Agriculture Research Center, Dokki, Giza, Egypt. 2 Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Banha University, Egypt.

Abstract: Twenty lactating Friesian cows and 20 lactating buffaloes with an average live body weight of 500 kg at 2-5 lactation seasons after the peak of lactation (60 days from parturition). Animals were fed summer ration consisted of 40% concentrate feed mixture (CFM) + 40% corn silage (CS) + 20% rice straw (RS) (10 cows and 10 buffaloes) and winter ration consisted of 40% CFM + 40% fresh berseem (FB) + 20% RS (on DM basis) (10 cows and 10 buffaloes). Milk samples were taken from each cow and buffalo three times biweekly and prepared for minerals determination. The contents of Ca, K, Zn, Mn and Fe were higher in fresh berseem, while the contents of P, Mg, Na and Cu were higher in concentrate feed mixture, however, the lower contents of all minerals were detected in corn silage and rice straw. The contents and intake of all minerals were higher in winter ration containing fresh berseem than summer ration containing corn silage. The excretion of all minerals in feces and urine as well as absorption and retention increased significantly (P<0.05) with increasing dietary minerals intake. The concentrations of macro and micro-elements in milk of cows and buffaloes increased significantly (P<0.05) with increasing dietary minerals intake. The concentrations of Ca, P, Cu, Zn and Mn in milk of cows and buffaloes fed summer ration were lower than the normal values.
[Gaafar, H.M.A.; M.M. El-Nahrawy and Sherein H. Mohamed. Effect of feeding traditional summer and winterr ations on the contents of some minerals in milk of cows and buffaloes. Biomedicine and Nursing2023;9(2):43-48] .ISSN 2379-8211(print);ISSN 2379-8203(online). 05. doi:10.7537/marsbnj090223.05.
Keywords: Summer and winter rations, cows, buffaloes, milk, minerals.

6.  Adiponectin Gene Polymorphism SNP  +45 T/G In Type 2 Diabetic Patients In Assam, India 
Morteza Kordafshari 1*, Marzieh Kordafshari , Manab Deka2, Majid Khandouzi 5, Priyanka Kashyap6 , Namrata Kumari7
1 Corresponding Author: M.Sc in Biotechnology, PhD Scholar in Dept of Bioengineering and Technology, Guahati University, Guwahati, Assam, India. Ph:+918011588244
2Master of Science in Biochemistry , Osmania University , Hyderabad ,Telangana , India . email :
3 Postdoc  Microbiology & Biomedical Sciences, Proffesor & Head, Dept of Bioengineering and Technology, Gauhati University, Guwahati, Assam, India. E-mail: .
4 PhD Scholar, Dept of Bioengineering and Technology, Gauhati University, Guwahati, Assam, India.   E-mail: .
5 Phd Scholar, Dept of Bioengineering and Technology, Gauhati University, Guwahati, Assam, India, Email :
6 Phd Scholar, Dept of Bioengineering and Technology, Gauhati University, Guwahati, Assam , India, Email :

Abstract: Background:  Adiponectin SNPs gene have been associated with BMI, insulin sensitivity and type 2 diabetes, reportedly. In this Case study we investigate Adiponectin  SNP gene +45*T/G (rs2242766) in type 2 diabetes and Healthy control in Northeast India. Methods: Sample collected from  Diabetic  patients  that visited the diabetes clinic . healthy control group were Volunteers  students of Gauhati University. PCR-RFLP method. Is used to analysis the     Adiponectin gene polymorphism. obese diabetic patients (n: 80), non-obese diabetic patients (n:72). Healthy controls group (n:70). Results: Frequency of wild genotype (TT)  was  62.5% in non-obese diabetic Cases and 78% in control group, that was significant (P=0.02). The allele T and G frequencies were  significant in non-obese diabetic. The frequency of allele G in non-obese diabetic Cases was increased (20.1%) in compared to controls (12%) (P=0.04). Conclusion:  This  Cases study we found  TG and GG alleles of Adiponectin SNP  +45*T/G are risk factors for development of diabetes mellitus . this effect is independent from BMI and obesity.
[Gaafar, H.M.A.; M.M. El-Nahrawy and Sherein H. Mohamed. Effect of feeding traditional summer and winter rations on the contents of some minerals in milk of cows and buffaloes. Biomedicine and Nursing 2023;9(2):49-52]. ISSN 2379-8211(print); ISSN 2379-8203(online). 06. doi:10.7537/marsbnj090223.06.
Keywords: Polymorphism, Adiponectin, Diabetes mellitus

Ajunwa, O.M.1 and Audu, J.O.2*
1. Department of Microbiology, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola, Adamawa state, Nigeria 2. Department of Laboratory Technology, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola, Adamawa state, Nigeria
*Corresponding Author: +2347037727211

ABSTRACT: The effects of solar radiation in disinfection of water have been activated as a growing technology in less developed areas of the world. One mechanism of solar disinfection has been attributed to cellular damage as a result of the alteration and intoxication induced by ultra violet (UV) rays on the respiratory systems inherent within the microbial cell envelopes. Riboflavin as a major factor in microbial cellular respiratory activities within the cell membrane has potentials of UV-coupled catalysis of cellular damage against water borne microorganisms in solar disinfection systems. Bacillus subtilis AG06 was used in biosynthesizing riboflavin using glucose minimal salt (GMS) medium. Highest riboflavin production of 90mg/L was obtained at culture conditions of 36h incubation, pH 7.2 and temperature 40oC. Different concentrations (30, 60, and 90mg/L) of biosynthesized riboflavin (at constant volume of 100ml) was applied in local solar disinfection set-ups using 1.5L polyethelene teraphtalate bottles containing clear water samples at varying times (2, 4 and 6 hours) starting from 10am. Microbial load of treated and untreated water samples was observed spectrophotometrically (at 600nm) and culturally (plating on Nutrient agar, MacConkey agar and Chloramphenicol-Yeast extract agar), showing a reduction in microbial life in treated samples and continuous growth in untreated samples. The highest values of reduction in total microbial life (up to 90%) were observed in set-ups supplemented with 100ml of 90mg/L riboflavin at 6h solar exposure. Riboflavin augmented solar disinfection systems have proven to be a simple means of enhanced domestic water disinfection for resource- poor settings.

[Ajunwa, O.M. and Audu, J.O. APPLICATION OF BIOSYNTHESISED RIBOFLAVIN FROM Bacillus subtili s AG06 IN ENHANCED SOLAR DISINFECTION OF WATER SAMPLES. Biomedicine and Nursing 2023;9 (2):53-60]. ISSN 2379-8211(print); ISSN 2379-8203(online). 07. doi:10.7537/marsbnj0 90223.07.
Keywords: Bacillus subtilis, riboflavin, ultra violet rays, water disinfection

8. Health and Welfare Related Assessment of Working Equine in and Around Batu Town, East Shoa, Central Ethiopia
Salim Usman1, Haimanot Disassa1 ,Tadele Kabeta1,Tilahun Zenebe1 and Girma Kebede1 1Wollega University, School of Veterinary Medicine, Nekemte, Ethiopia

Abstract: A cross-sectional of study was conducted between November, 2014 to April, 2015 with the objective of assessment of the health and Welfare related problems and management activities using observational (animal based) study and indirect (questionnaire survey) to evaluate welfare and health status of equine in and around Batu town area. Out of the total 384 studied (observed) equids, 66.93% were draught, 25% were pack and 8.12% were riding animals. Forty-five percent (45%), 42% and 15% revealed a thin, medium and good body condition score, respectively. The wound prevalence in the present study area was 37.9% and distribution of wound on the animals body showed that 14.3%, 11.2%, 7%, 4.4% and 1% at wither and back, varied body part, and tail region, limbs and head regions, respectively. Lesions resulting from limb tethering (94.5%), lameness (89.2%), lesions affecting the lips (88.5%), girth/belly (81%), wither/spine (78.7%) and breast/shoulder (62.8%) were most frequently observed. Tail/tail base (79%), ribs/flank (81%), breast/shoulder (84.5%) and hind quarter (70.7%) lesions were significantly associated with pack type of work (p < 0.05), whereas lip lesion (89.7%) and lameness (91%) were associated with draught type of work (p < 0.05). Poor/thin body condition significantly associated with wither/spine lesions (p < 0.05). According to respondents, the average daily working time was 5 h with an average burden of 70 kg of goods and 3 persons. The average water supply at a time amounted to 5.75 ± 2.7 liters. The average amount of provided feed was 12.2 ± 3.4 kg twice daily. Shelters were provided for majority of working equids at home, but only for a few experienced individuals were provision of shelter to equids at work sites. In conclusion, although owners/users take care of their animals, management constraints like feed shortage, traditional health care, lameness, wound, overworking, overloading, housing problems and different cruelties on the animal together with the occurrence of physical injuries and general maltreatment were prevalent. A comprehensive equine health and welfare promotion program is important to alleviate the problem.
[Salim Usman, Haimanot Disassa,Tadele Kabeta,Tilahun Zenebe and Girma Kebede. Health and Welfare Related Assessment of Working Equine in and Around Batu Town, East Shoa, Central Ethiopia. Biomedicine and Nursing 2023;9(2):61-68]. ISSN 2379-8211 (print); ISSN 2379-8203 (online). 08. doi:10.7537/marsbnj090223.08.
Key words: Body condition, Equine welfare, health Problems, working equids, questionnaire survey.

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